A Mysterious Folk of Bodzia

Building an ordinary road can lead to interesting archeological findings. In Bodzia near Brześć Kujawski, during building of a A1 highway, 17 dark age tombs dated to Xc-XIc were found with skeletons of 14 men, 21 women and 12 kids along with daily items such as weapons, toys and jewellery (swords, rings, necklaces from mountain crystal etc). Every skeleton was in a wooden coffin with iron fittings and all skeletons were lying straight, except for one woman who was buried in “embryonic” position.

Bodzia burial site. Iron sword in a warrior’s grave. Source: http://archeowiesci.pl

What amazed archeologists from Poland, Russia and Scandinavia was one item – a small trunk, made of silver with eagle image on it’s cover. No one is completely sure if those people were of Polan, Scandinavian or even Byzantine (sic!) origin – they are still arguing to which culture the eagle belongs to, and all mentioned cultures are equally suspected, having eagles as one of the most common symbols used. There are still  many questions why those people were so rich, who were they and how they lived. No doubt the finding is a unique nothern european, dark age burial site and presumably a village.

There’ s more and more findings of Norse burial sites confirming the Norse reach to the land of Goplans/Polans. Wooden coffins from Bodzia look like a part of Norse burial rituals – and if those people were Norse, then which Norse – were they Varangians from Rus or Sweden, travelling with families to find new lands to inhabit?; mercenaries from Denmark serving in the Polan duke’s druzhina?; Byzantine traders with armoured guard, or maybe they are the ultimate proof that Mieszko I was no Slav at all – and his norse name Dagobert mentioned in “Dagome iudex” is his true name, and that Bodzia people were the true creators of the Polan state? The more we dig into the subject the more interesting and mysterious it becomes…

“Kaptorga” trunk from Bodzia with a mysterious eagle. Source: aktualnosci.pan.pl